There is an ‘r’ in the month once again and, until 1970, this meant that all children in the Netherlands were encouraged to take cod-liver oil. Why? All will be revealed in this presentation. The message was that oil from the liver of the cod and haddock was good for children’s growth, their skin and eyes, their immune system and their bones and teeth. That is because the oil contains vitamins A and D, amongst others. A daily dose of cod-liver oil had been recommended since around 1850.
The former village school from Lhee is an example of school buildings from around 1800. It is said that in wintertime this little school was completely full and the children had to take it in turns to stand so that other children could write. The master would nail planks to the school benches to create additional seats or desk space. As a result, he was unable to turn around when he walked between the benches. It was also much too dark.
On 31 July 1914 all Dutch soldiers were ordered to travel immediately to their garrisons. There were also soldiers stationed in Zeist. During the first week it already became clear that the soldiers’ equipment was inadequate, as they had only one pair of socks and too little underwear. On 5 August the Women’s Committee therefore issued an appeal to the women and girls of Zeist to knit socks.
During the winter festivals held in around 1900 skating rinks would naturally be festively lit and decorated. Oil lamps, torches or flambeaus, fire barrels and, in particular, Chinese lanterns turned night into day. Wealthy skating clubs used “electric light”, magnesium light or Wells paraffin gas lamps to create a festive atmosphere. Bunting and garlands were also hung up as decorations.
Of course it wouldn’t be a festive occasion without music, so there were also brass bands or organs on the ice and sometimes even a skating violinist.
The months of January 1963, February 1979, March and November 2005, and January 2013 brought particularly severe winter weather. If you were out in your car when the weather hit, it soon became clear that there was no way to continue. Some people had to dig their cars out of snow drifts almost a metre thick. People were left stranded with their vehicles and were stuck for eight hours in the dark on the Veluwe or in the worst congestion ever seen in the Netherlands, with traffic queues stretching over 1,000 kilometres in total.
How cold would it have been inside a peat cabin during the harsh winter of 1890? Try to imagine what it was like. A number of children and adults living in poverty froze to death in their cots and beds inside these basic homes. Among them were rumoured to be two children from Havelte, ‘due to a lack of blankets’. Poor families could not afford to buy these items. People would collect fuel, food, clothes and blankets for the poor in all manner of places.
Moluccans who came to the Netherlands were likened to birds in a cage by their families in the Moluccas. Because of the cold climate they encountered in the Netherlands, they spent much more time indoors than their family members back home and had to get used to the cold weather. In 1951, on their journey to the Netherlands, the men were issued with a warm winter military jacket in Port Said. Women and children were given a dark blue tracksuit, including trousers to keep out the cold. However, trousers were uncharted territory for them, as back home they were only used to wearing a sarong.
The years that followed the Second World War saw rapid growth in the number of Chinese restaurants in the Netherlands. These proved to be extremely successful, as chefs adapted the dishes on the menu to suit the Dutch palate. Customers found this food delicious.
Pieces of cardboard laid out on the ground as insulation, a warm coat and a sleeping bag – Chahid and Peter use these items to make a place to sleep outside, even on cold winter nights. They prefer to sleep outside than inside in a shelter, where, before you know it, you end up getting into arguments, are exposed to contagious diseases like TB or have to contend with vermin. They also prefer to avoid alcoholics and people with a mental illness.
In the 1980s winter sports were affordable and accessible for all.
Prior to and immediately after the Second World War such sports were the preserve of the elite, but as time went by they became democratised. From the end of the 1960s, when car ownership also came within the reach of most ordinary people, winter sports started to become more and more fashionable.
Conjuring up images of sun and snow, they were an attractive leisure activity offering sporting excitement, as well as plenty of fun for the children.