Play | Auction in Beerta

Theater in het openluchtmuseum

Play | Auction in Beerta

In the 1930s the world was hit by an economic crisis. Due to falling consumption and overproduction, prices on the global markets started to fall from 1925 onwards. As a result, from 1926 to 1937 the average Dutch farm was running at a loss. Some farmers fell into financial difficulty and had to sell their assets. In many cases these were sold at a public auction.

 

The play can be seen every day at the farmhouse from Beerta (Groningen).

 

The crisis years 1929-1940

The autumn of 1929 marked the start of a global economic crash. Share prices tumbled, companies went bankrupt and closed their doors, leaving their staff unemployed, while the Dutch government failed to stimulate the economy. The number of Dutch people out of work rose from 125,000 in 1928 to 160,000 in 1929, 282,000 in 1931 and 594,000 in 1935.

 

This global economic crisis of the 1930s had already hit the farming industry in 1925, however. Due to falling consumption and overproduction, prices on the global markets started to fall from 1925 onwards. As a result, from 1926 to 1937 the average Dutch farm was running at a loss. Farm labourers in permanent jobs were earning more than their employers.

 

Farmers in the Oldambt area also struggled to cope with the crisis, as the prices they received for their products declined. At the same time farm labourers were demanding higher wages and better pay for women and young people. On 1 May 1929 they went on strike. This lasted for five months.

 

Some farmers fell into financial difficulty and had to sell their assets. In many cases these were sold at a public auction.

Tools

The autumn of 1929 marked the start of a global economic crash. Share prices tumbled, companies went bankrupt and closed their doors, leaving their staff unemployed, while the Dutch government failed to stimulate the economy. The number of Dutch people out of work rose from 125,000 in 1928 to 160,000 in 1929, 282,000 in 1931 and 594,000 in 1935.

 

This global economic crisis of the 1930s had already hit the farming industry in 1925, however. Due to falling consumption and overproduction, prices on the global markets started to fall from 1925 onwards. As a result, from 1926 to 1937 the average Dutch farm was running at a loss. Farm labourers in permanent jobs were earning more than their employers.

 

Farmers in the Oldambt area also struggled to cope with the crisis, as the prices they received for their products declined. At the same time farm labourers were demanding higher wages and better pay for women and young people. On 1 May 1929 they went on strike. This lasted for five months.

 

Some farmers fell into financial difficulty and had to sell their assets. In many cases these were sold at a public auction.

Boeldag

‘Boeldag’ is a word used in the northern Netherlands for a public auction. If a person decided to sell some or all of his assets, a ‘boeldag’ would be organised with the assistance of a notary.

 

All the items and the livestock were divided up into lots. The notary would place an announcement in the regional newspapers indicating the location, date and time of the auction. This would also list the items to be sold.

 

Public auctions would attract large numbers of people. Some would come to buy, while others would simply come for a day out. As crowds of people were expected, you would also find musicians, fairground-style attractions and stalls selling coffee or alcohol at an auction. Sometimes this would get out of hand, which is why many auction announcements contained statements such as: ‘pedlars and street traders will not be admitted’.

 

During the auction the notary served as the auctioneer. Visitors would bid for the lots, which would go to the highest bidder.

Details

Play | Auction in Beerta

Play | Boeldag in Beerta (Auction in Beerta)
Activiteit datum

Geopend van 24 maart t/m 20 oktober.

Aantal personen
n/a
Leeftijd
Less suitable for children under 8.