‘Boeldag’ is a word used in the northern Netherlands for a public auction. If a person decided to sell some or all of his assets, a ‘boeldag’ would be organised with the assistance of a notary.

All the items and the livestock were divided up into lots. The notary would place an announcement in the regional newspapers indicating the location, date and time of the auction. This would also list the items to be sold.


During an auction at a farm agricultural tools were often sold too. Sometimes these were as good as new, sometimes they had seen several years of use and sometimes they were virtually antiques. You would come across all kinds of things at an auction.

The tools you can see here could have been on sale at such an auction. They form part of the equipment that would have been used on an average farm. All these items featured in auction announcements in around 1930.

As not everyone will know what each tool was used for, we provide a brief explanation of each one.

The crisis years 1929-1940

The autumn of 1929 marked the start of a global economic crash. Share prices tumbled, companies went bankrupt and closed their doors, leaving their staff unemployed, while the Dutch government failed to stimulate the economy. The number of Dutch people out of work rose from 125,000 in 1928 to 160,000 in 1929, 282,000 in 1931 and 594,000 in 1935.

Bee species

The apiary is from the town of Gemert. In addition to the bees that live in colonies inside the hives, you will also come across wild bees at the museum.
The Hairy-Footed Flower Bee (Anthophora plumipes)
The Hairy-Footed Flower Bee is a solitary bee that builds its nests in steep walls of loam, marl or sand. For the bee, the marl and loam wall of our Limburg farmhouse provides just such a nesting site. This species of bee can be seen flying around the farmhouse from Krawinkel from the end of February through to May.